is a collaboration of doctoral schools in Belgium, The Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Great Britain, the Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, France, and USA that seeks to further an understanding of the European presence in the fields of literature, art and culture in an era of globalization, to promote interdisciplinary thoughts in the fields of literary and cultural studies, to explore changes in European self-understanding and self-criticism across the cultures and disciplines in and beyond Europe, and to develop co-operation between European as well as between non-European research environments.
Literature and art are always situated in a context, both literally, metaphorically and by reference. But what does this ‘situatedness’ mean? How do literature and art imagine or critically reflect a community, a state or a world and what does the social and cultural context of the reader or the spectator mean for the interpretation of a work of literature or art? What is the political potential of literature and art? Do globalization and new media change our understanding of what context is? And do new methods of comparatism or Big Data entail new ways of perceiving the concept of context?
In this graduate seminar we wish to focus on the way ‘context’ is understood in literary and cultural studies. In a certain sense, contexts have become wider. It has been argued that aesthetics is always already cosmopolitan or globalized (Papastergiadis 2012), and that Big Data-methods in literature departments will open up literary studies to the great unread (Manovich 2015). New comparatists have argued in favor of a new universalism or a planetary consciousness (Apter, Spivak) and for a relational, transcultural understanding of context (Baucom, Dobie). Yet there is also a new focus on the importance of ‘nearness’, of micro-historical circulation, personal life-stories (Schaffer, Smith), concrete political contexts, personal precariousness (Butler) and affective, phenomenological and performative effects of literature and art on individuals (Ngai, Ahmed). In between the global and the local, we find the nation state that used to be the geographical cornerstone of comparatism as well as the ethnic or political communities often discussed in cultural studies. Talking about context also often means addressing the relation between aesthetics and politics. New approaches have pointed out the inherent political importance of aesthetic form and of giving voice to the unheard (Rancière) and of creating new forms of collective subjectivity and agency (Mouffe, Douzinas).
Literature and art matter in the world and so do storytelling, street art, performative media actions, commercials, documentary movies, political self fashioning etc. that all draw on different forms of aesthetics. We invite participants to critically discuss the role of context in the interpretation, canonization and circulation of literary and artistic works as well as the methodological implications of contextual interpretations.
• Aesthetics and politics
• The politics of literary form
• Big Data and new approaches to context
• The contextualized reader or spectator
• Aesthetics in a globalized context
• Circulation of literature and art in different contexts
• Context’s function within comparative method
• Mediated contexts and their relation to literary works or artworks
• Historical forms and discussions about context
• The role of the reader/spectator
• Ethnicity, race-, gender- based contexts
Bruce Robbins, Professor, Department of English and Comparative Literature, Columbia University, New York
Susana Araujo, Senior researcher at the Centre for Comparative Studies of the Faculty of Arts University of Lisbon
Mads Rosendahl Thomsen, Professor with Special Responsibilities, School of Communication and Culture, Aarhus University
Frederik Tygstrup, Professor, Department of Arts and Cultural Studies, Copenhagen University
270 Euro (includes participation, excursion, lunch all days, one dinner and lodging at hostel)
School of Communication and Culture, Aarhus University Langelandsgade 139 8000 Aarhus C Denmark http://cc.au.dk/en/
Ahmed, Sarah. The Cultural Politics of Emotion. Edinburgh: Edinburgh Univesity Press, 2014.
Apter, Emily. The Translation Zone: A New Comparative Literature, Princeton University Press, 2006.
Baucom, Ian. Specters of the Atlantic: Finance Capital, Slavery, and the Philosophy of History. Durham: Duke University Press, 2005.
Butler, Judith. Precarious Life. The Powers of Mourning and Violence. London/New York: Verso, 2004.
Dobie, Madeleine, Trading Places. Colonialism and Slavery in Eighteenth-Century, Ithaca/London: Cornell University Press, 2010.
Douzinas, Costas. Philosophy and Resistance in the Crisis. Cambridge, UK/Malden: Polity Press, 2013.
Manovich, Lev. "The Science of Culture? Social Computing, Digital Humanities, and Cultural Analytics." manovich.net/index.php/projects/cultural-analytics-social-computing.
Mouffe, Chantal. Agonistics: Thinking The World Politically. London – New York: Verso, 2013.
Ngai, Sianne. Ugly Feelings, Cambridge, Mass/London: 2005.
Papastergiadis, Nikos. Cosmopolitanism and Culture, Cambridge UK/Malden: Polity Press, 2012.
Rancière, Jacques. Politique de la littérature. Paris: Éditions Galilée, 2007. (Politics of Literature, Polity Press, 2011).
Schaffer, Kay and Sidonie Smith: Human Rights and Narrated Lives. The Ethics of Recognition. New York: Palgrave MacMillan 2004.
Spivak, Gayatri, Death of a Discipline, New York: Columbia Press, 2003.